Students receive different types and different intensities of service based on their identified special education needs. Students diagnosed with VI generally require an educational program that accommodates their vision limitations, teaches the student to advocate for their needs and considers the impact the vision impairment has on the student’s ability to learn.
Students who are blind or significantly vision impaired often require Orientation and Mobility Instruction along with academic instruction. The programs can differ widely.
Minnesota Rule Chapter 3525.1345
Subpart 1. Definition.
"Visually impaired" means a medically verified visual impairment accompanied by limitations in sight that interfere with acquiring information or interaction with the environment to the extent that special education instruction and related services may be needed.
Subp. 2. Criteria.
A pupil is eligible as having a visual disability and in need of special education when the pupil meets one of the criteria in item A and one of the criteria in item B:
A. medical documentation of a diagnosed visual impairment by a licensed eye specialist establishing one or more of the following conditions:
1. visual acuity of 20/60 or less in the better eye with the best conventional correction;
a. estimation of acuity is acceptable for difficult-to-test pupils; and b. for pupils not yet enrolled in kindergarten, measured acuity must be significantly deviant from what is developmentally age-appropriate;
2. visual field of 20 degrees or less, or bilateral scotomas; or
3. a congenital or degenerating eye condition including, for example, progressive cataract, glaucoma, or retinitis pigmentosa; and
B. functional evaluation of visual abilities conducted by a licensed teacher of the visually impaired that determines that the pupil:
1. has limited ability in visually accessing program-appropriate educational media and materials including, for example, textbooks, photocopies, ditto copies, chalkboards, computers, or environmental signs, without modification;
2. has limited ability to visually access the full range of program-appropriate educational materials and media without accommodating actions including, for example, changes in posture, body movement, focal distance, or squinting;
3. demonstrates variable visual ability due to environmental factors including, for example, contrast, weather, color, or movement, that cannot be controlled; or
experiences reduced or variable visual ability due to visual fatigue or factors common to the eye condition.
STAT AUTH: MS s 14.389; 120.17; L 1999 c 123 s 19
HIST: 16 SR 1543; L 1998 c 397 art 11 s 3; 24 SR 1799
Current as of 10/12/07